let you demonstrate your ability to manipulate C integers by implementing

Purpose:
To let you demonstrate your ability to manipulate C integers by implementing floating-point addition with integer operations.

Assignment
Finish the program below that does floating point addition.
Cut and paste the following:

/*————————————————————————-*
*— —*
*— floatAdder.c —*
*— —*
*— This file adds 2 32-bit IEEE floating point numbers with —*
*— integer operations. Doesn’t handle ‘+inf’, ‘-inf’ or ‘NaN’ —*
*— properly, nor does it round properly. Those are the only 2 —*
*— bugs of which I’m aware. —*
*— —*
*— —- —- —- —- —- —- —- —- —*
*— —*
*— Version 1.0 2015 June 29 Joseph Phillips —*
*— —*
*————————————————————————-*/

#include
#include

//– Sign related constants –//

// PURPOSE: To tell how many bits to shift the sign bit from the least
// signficant position to where the sign bit belongs.
#define SIGN_SHIFT 31

// PURPOSE: To be the mask to only keep the sign bit.
#define SIGN_MASK (0x1 << SIGN_SHIFT) // PURPOSE: To be the mask to keep everything but the sign bit. #define EVERYTHING_BUT_SIGN_MASK (~SIGN_MASK) //-- Exponent related constants --// // PURPOSE: To tell how many bits to shift the exponent bit field from the // least signficant position to where the exponent bit field belongs. #define EXPONENT_SHIFT 23 // PURPOSE: To be the mask to only keep the exponent bit field. #define EXPONENT_MASK ((unsigned)0xFF << EXPONENT_SHIFT) // PURPOSE: To tell the exponent bit pattern for 'infinity' and // 'not-a-number'. #define EXPONENT_INFINITE_BIT_PATTERN 0xFF // PURPOSE: To tell the exponent bit pattern for denormalized numbers // (including 0.0). #define EXPONENT_DENORMALIZED_BIT_PATTERN 0x00 // PURPOSE: To tell the 'bias' of the exponent bit field: // (powerOf2) = (exponentBitPattern) - EXPONENT_BIAS #define EXPONENT_BIAS 0x7F // PURPOSE: To tell the power of 2 for 'infinity' and 'not-a-number'. #define INFINITE_POWER_OF_2 +128 // PURPOSE: To tell the power of 2 for denormalized numbers (including 0.0): #define DENORMALIZED_POWER_OF_2 -127 #define INDISTINGUISHABLE_FROM_0_POWER_OF_2 (DENORMALIZED_POWER_OF_2-23) //-- Mantissa related constants --// // PURPOSE: To tell the mask to only keep the mantissa bit field. #define MANTISSA_MASK 0x007FFFFF // PURPOSE: To tell give the hidden bit in its proper position. #define MANTISSA_HIDDEN_BIT 0x00800000 // PURPOSE: To tell how many bits to shift the mantissa bit field from the // least signficant position to where the mantissa bit field belongs. #define MANTISSA_SHIFT 0 // PURPOSE: To tell how many mantissa bits there are (including hidden bit) #define NUM_MANTISSA_BITS 24 //-- Miscellaneous related constants --// // PURPOSE: To give the maximum length of C-strings. #define TEXT_LEN 64 // PURPOSE: To return 1 if 'f' is 0.0 or -0.0. Returns 0 otherwise. int isZero (float f) { unsigned int u = *(unsigned int*)&f; // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the +1 if the sign of 'f' is positive, or -1 otherwise. int getSign (float f) { unsigned int u = *(unsigned int*)&f; // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the exponent (the X of 2^X) of the floating point // 'f' from 'DENORMALIZED_POWER_OF_2' to 'INFINITE_POWER_OF_2'. // (Does _not_ return the bit pattern.) int getPowerOf2 (float f) { unsigned int u = *(unsigned int*)&f; unsigned int i = 0; /* Perhaps change this */ // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the mantissa of 'f', with the HIDDEN_BIT or-ed in if // 'f' is not denormalized. unsigned int getMantissa (float f) { unsigned int mantissa = *(unsigned int*)&f; // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the 0x0 when given +1, or 0x1 when given -1. unsigned char signToSignBit (int sign) { // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the exponent field's bit pattern for power of 2 // 'powerOf2'. If 'powerOf2' is greater or equal to 'INFINITE_POWER_OF_2' // then it returns 'EXPONENT_INFINITE_BIT_PATTERN'. If 'powerOf2' is // less than or equal to 'DENORMALIZED_POWER_OF_2' then it // returns 'EXPONENT_DENORMALIZED_BIT_PATTERN'. Otherwise it returns the // corresponding bit pattern for 'powerOf2' given bias 'EXPONENT_BIAS'. unsigned char pwrOf2ToExpBits (int powerOf2) { // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the mantissa _field_, 'mantissa' with its hidden // bit turned off. unsigned int mantissaField (unsigned int mantissa ) { // Your code here return(0 /* Perhaps change this */); } // PURPOSE: To return the floating point number constructed from sign bit // 'signBit' float buildFloat (int sign, int exp, unsigned int mantissaBits ) { // Leave this code alone! unsigned int u = (signToSignBit(sign) << SIGN_SHIFT) | (pwrOf2ToExpBits(exp) << EXPONENT_SHIFT) | (mantissaField(mantissaBits) << MANTISSA_SHIFT); float f = *(float*)&u; return(f); } // PURPOSE: To return 'f' added with 'g'. float add (float f, float g ) { // I. Handle when either 'f' or 'g' is 0.0: if ( isZero(f) ) return(g); if ( isZero(g) ) return(f); // II. Do operation: int signF = getSign(f); int signG = getSign(g); int powerOf2F = getPowerOf2(f); int powerOf2G = getPowerOf2(g); unsigned int mantissaF = getMantissa(f); unsigned int mantissaG = getMantissa(g); unsigned int mantissa; int powerOf2; int sign; if (signF == signG) { // II.A. Do addition: // (This is required.) // // See which has the bigger power-of-2: 'f' or 'g' // Shift the smaller of the two by the difference in power of 2. // Then add the mantissas. // // What is the value of 'powerOf2'? What is the value of 'sign'? // // How do you detect when the mantissa overflows? // What do you do when the mantissa does overflow? } else { // II.B. Do subtraction: // II.B.1. Handle canceling to 0: if ( (powerOf2F == powerOf2G) && (mantissaF == mantissaG) ) return(buildFloat(+1,EXPONENT_DENORMALIZED_BIT_PATTERN,0x0)); // II.B.2. Do subtraction: // (This is +5 extra credit.) // // Subtract the smaller from the bigger. // How do you tell which is bigger from 'powerOf2F', 'powerOf2G', 'mantissaF' and 'mantissaG'? // Do the same mantissa shifting as with addition. // // What is the value of 'powerOf2'? What is the value of 'sign'? // // With addition you may be left with too many bits in the mantissa, // with subtraction you may be left with too few. // If that's the case, then keeping shifting the most significant bit // in the mantissa until either it gets to the mantissa's most // significant bit position (the hidden bit's position) or until // 'powerOf2' gets down to 'DENORMALIZED_POWER_OF_2'. // // Each time you shift 'mantissa' what should you do to 'powerOf2'? } // III. Return built float: // Leave this code alone! return(buildFloat(sign,powerOf2,mantissa)); } // PURPOSE: To first test your 'getSign()', 'getPowerOf2()' and // 'getMantissa()' functions, and then your 'add()' function. Ignores // arguments from OS. Returns 'EXIT_SUCCESS' to OS. int main () { // Leave this code alone! float f; float g; char text[TEXT_LEN]; do { printf("Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: "); fgets(text,TEXT_LEN,stdin); f = atof(text); printf("The sign of %g is %+dn",f,getSign(f)); printf("The exponent of %g is 2^%dn",f,getPowerOf2(f)); printf("The mantissa of %g is 0x%06Xn",f,getMantissa(f)); } while ( !isZero(f) ); printf("nn"); do { printf("Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: "); fgets(text,TEXT_LEN,stdin); f = atof(text); printf("Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: "); fgets(text,TEXT_LEN,stdin); g = atof(text); printf(" You say %g + %g == %gn",f,g,add(f,g)); printf("The hardware says %g + %g == %gn",f,g,f+g); } while ( !isZero(f) && !isZero(g) ); return(EXIT_SUCCESS); } Finish the following functions: What each should do is given in its comment. isZero() getSign() getPowerOf2() getMantissa() signToSignBit() pwrOf2ToExpBits() mantissaField() add() Example output: [instructor@JoesLaptopFedora16 Assign3]$ ./floatAdder Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 1 The sign of 1 is +1 The exponent of 1 is 2^0 The mantissa of 1 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: -1 The sign of -1 is -1 The exponent of -1 is 2^0 The mantissa of -1 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 4 The sign of 4 is +1 The exponent of 4 is 2^2 The mantissa of 4 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 6 The sign of 6 is +1 The exponent of 6 is 2^2 The mantissa of 6 is 0xC00000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 7 The sign of 7 is +1 The exponent of 7 is 2^2 The mantissa of 7 is 0xE00000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 7.5 The sign of 7.5 is +1 The exponent of 7.5 is 2^2 The mantissa of 7.5 is 0xF00000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 7.75 The sign of 7.75 is +1 The exponent of 7.75 is 2^2 The mantissa of 7.75 is 0xF80000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 7.875 The sign of 7.875 is +1 The exponent of 7.875 is 2^2 The mantissa of 7.875 is 0xFC0000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 1 The sign of 1 is +1 The exponent of 1 is 2^0 The mantissa of 1 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 2 The sign of 2 is +1 The exponent of 2 is 2^1 The mantissa of 2 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 3 The sign of 3 is +1 The exponent of 3 is 2^1 The mantissa of 3 is 0xC00000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 4 The sign of 4 is +1 The exponent of 4 is 2^2 The mantissa of 4 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 5 The sign of 5 is +1 The exponent of 5 is 2^2 The mantissa of 5 is 0xA00000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 1.4013e-45 The sign of 1.4013e-45 is +1 The exponent of 1.4013e-45 is 2^-127 The mantissa of 1.4013e-45 is 0x000001 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 1.7014115e+38 The sign of 1.70141e+38 is +1 The exponent of 1.70141e+38 is 2^126 The mantissa of 1.70141e+38 is 0xFFFFFD Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 1.7014117e+38 The sign of 1.70141e+38 is +1 The exponent of 1.70141e+38 is 2^126 The mantissa of 1.70141e+38 is 0xFFFFFF Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 1.7014118e+38 The sign of 1.70141e+38 is +1 The exponent of 1.70141e+38 is 2^127 The mantissa of 1.70141e+38 is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: inf The sign of inf is +1 The exponent of inf is 2^128 The mantissa of inf is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: nan The sign of nan is +1 The exponent of nan is 2^128 The mantissa of nan is 0xC00000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: -inf The sign of -inf is -1 The exponent of -inf is 2^128 The mantissa of -inf is 0x800000 Please enter a floating point number or 0 to quit testing: 0 The sign of 0 is +1 The exponent of 0 is 2^-127 The mantissa of 0 is 0x000000 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 1 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 2 You say 1 + 2 == 3 The hardware says 1 + 2 == 3 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 2 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 3 You say 2 + 3 == 5 The hardware says 2 + 3 == 5 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 1.234 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 4.321 You say 1.234 + 4.321 == 5.555 The hardware says 1.234 + 4.321 == 5.555 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -1 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -.5 You say -1 + -0.5 == -1.5 The hardware says -1 + -0.5 == -1.5 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -2 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -.5 You say -2 + -0.5 == -2.5 The hardware says -2 + -0.5 == -2.5 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -16 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -0.125 You say -16 + -0.125 == -16.125 The hardware says -16 + -0.125 == -16.125 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -256 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -0.125 You say -256 + -0.125 == -256.125 The hardware says -256 + -0.125 == -256.125 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -65536 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -0.125 You say -65536 + -0.125 == -65536.1 The hardware says -65536 + -0.125 == -65536.1 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -1.4013e-45 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -1.4013e-45 You say -1.4013e-45 + -1.4013e-45 == -2.8026e-45 The hardware says -1.4013e-45 + -1.4013e-45 == -2.8026e-45 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 131072 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 0.03125 You say 131072 + 0.03125 == 131072 The hardware says 131072 + 0.03125 == 131072 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 1 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -2 You say 1 + -2 == -1 The hardware says 1 + -2 == -1 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 3 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: -1 You say 3 + -1 == 2 The hardware says 3 + -1 == 2 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -4.25 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 4 You say -4.25 + 4 == -0.25 The hardware says -4.25 + 4 == -0.25 Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: inf Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 9 You say inf + 9 == inf The hardware says inf + 9 == inf Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: -inf Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 9 You say -inf + 9 == -inf The hardware says -inf + 9 == -inf Please enter the 1st floating point number to add: 0 Please enter the 2nd floating point number to add: 9 You say 0 + 9 == 9 The hardware says 0 + 9 == 9 [instructor@JoesLaptopFedora16 Assign3]$

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