PHI 445 Entire Course / Personal and Organizational Ethics

Week 3

Managerial Incentives

Henry Manne believed that companies cannot become too incompetent or corrupt, as eventually their share price would fall and they could be taken over by another firm that would get rid of incompetent management. Adolf Berle and Gardiner Means believed that company managers have an incentive to feather their own nests and to undermine shareholder wealth.

Can elements or parts of these theoretical perspectives have governmental applications? If so, which theory do you think best describes the segment of American government known as the Congress and the Senate? Explain your answer.

Which theory best fits your ethical perspective? Which theory best fits a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged?

Child Labor

Child labor is endemic in the poorer countries of the world, and for many children it is seen as way of keeping their families out of poverty. Critics point out that if the governments were to invest more in educating children, they could be more productive and create more wealth for their nation when they are older. In the meantime, multinational enterprises often secure suppliers who use children.

In your opinion, what is the best way to reduce child labor for multinational corporations? How is the phenomenon of child labor viewed from your ethical perspective? Given the ethical perspective of a particular group to which you currently belong, or previously belonged, how would child labor be viewed?

Annotated Bibliography

The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to assist you in developing research analysis skills including critical thinking, writing, and literature research skills. The annotated bibliography should include a paragraph for each source containing the following information:

Name of the article, including the complete bibliographic citation, using APA format.

Summary/abstract of the article – annotation (sometimes it is helpful to ask yourself the following questions in synthesizing the information:

Who? (author)

What was done? (e.g., an experimental study investigating the interaction of short term memory and attention)

How? (was it done)

What were the findings? (identify the major ones)

Contributions? (new findings, applications, etc.)

Review the complete instructions for the Final Paper in Week Five. To conduct accurate research for the annotated bibliography, consider the following:

Research in peer-reviewed journals or other journals that are considered to have reliable information (do not use sources from the secular press (e.g., Time, Newsweek, or Wikipedia). Review the guidelines for acceptable sources by reading the “Academic Research” section within the Student Responsibilities and Policies tab under Course Home on the left navigation toolbar in your online course.

Identify at least six academic sources at least five of which can be found in the Ashford Online Library. If you do find something on the World Wide Web, it must be authored and be a reliable source.

In these journals, the research and information is either reviewed by an editorial team (such as for the Academy of Management Review) or a group of peers (such as in many journals you find through the Ashford Online Library).

For information regarding the annotated bibliography, refer to the Sample Annotated Bibliography found in the Ashford Writing Center within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

You must use at least ten scholarly sources (at least six of which can be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook. The descriptions for each source must be at least one paragraph in length. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

Week Three Journal

Objective: The learner will be able to recall, analyze, evaluate, and apply Week Three activities to a Week Three Journal in preparation for the Final Paper.

Instructions: In this assignment you will summarize the key points from this week’s activities so you may attribute them to the Week Five Case Study. The journal is the same for every week so you will be able to plan your journal responses as you are completing the readings and participating in the class. Please populate all fields in the table appearing under each section of the journal. Please post the completed table to the in-box designated for the journal activity in Week Three, Day 7.

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