Women are basically banned from working in Saudi Arabia. For decades, that meant women were served by men in lingerie shops, which was a bit awkward. Female campaigners led an effort to change things, and at the start of 2012, a decree was passed banning men from working in women’s underwear stores. The ruling was opposed by clerics, who consider women doing any work outside the home to contradict sharia law.
About 100 shops that didn’t follow the ruling were shut down several months after the law came into effect. The law continues to be upheld, and six lingerie shops were threatened with closure this July after surprise inspections found men working there.
Please upload your a formal outline of your informative speech, including an annotated bibliography containing at least 5 credible sources on page 2, in one of the following formats: rtf, docx, or pdf.
Ideas that Matter to My Community (Informative Speech, 7 minutes): This speech requires knowing a subject and topic sufficiently enough to provide your audience with adequate knowledge on the topic by the end of your speech. In this speech, you will focus on a historical event that has affected your community or your family. You must verbally cite at least 5 credible and relevant sources in your speech and turn in a typed, proofread, full-sentence outline with references page as part of your grade. This speech will be most heavily graded on structure, organization, and research. Please click on the file below for detailed instructions and helpful samples.
Your goal in this assignment is to present information about to your audience that relates to a community to which you belong. You should choose a topic and present information in a way that will interest members of your audience. When you make the topic relevant for them, they will understand the information, and better remember your message. You must interview someone who has direct knowledge about and/or experience in the community you speak about.
Don’t get cornered by only thinking of “communities” as geographic locations. For this assignment, a can be geographical, cultural, social, civic, etc., and can be significant at the local, regional, national, or international level. Brainstorm and list various communities to which you belong. Think about what you do regularly, your hobbies, your social circles, and ask for help from your instructor if needed.
Remember that information means new. The community may be familiar to your audience, for example a fraternity or sorority, or it may not. In either case, you should teach your audience something new so that when they walk out of your speech they are better informed. The audience will be interested in the stories of real people who are involved in the community. You can share your experiences and you can also share the experiences of your interviewee. Your challenge is to provide new twists, new perspectives, or a deeper understanding of the community.
Remember that audiences will listen better to information they believe is relevant. As you gather information regarding your community, ask yourself how the audience members are affected by this community (whether they know it or not).
Remember that stories and vivid descriptions hold attention. You can bring your information to life by employing these methods
eSAMPLE SPEECH OUTLINE
(Follow this formatting for your informative and persuasive speeches)
Informative Speech Outline
October 13, 2014
Title: The Hidden World of Chili Peppers
Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about chili peppers
Thesis Statement: Chili peppers have a rich history, have been prized around the world for the spice they add to food, and have important uses other than in food.
Attention Getter: Imagine your mouth burning like wildfire, your eyes squirting out uncontrollable tears, and your face red and sweating profusely. Are you sick? No—you just took a bite of a screaming hot chili pepper.
Introduction of Concept: My own desire for spicy meals led me to investigate why I get red in the face and salivate at the mere thought of eating a spicy chili. I have discovered that there is a lot more to chili peppers than I had ever imagined.
Preview Statement: Today I would like to share with you what I have learned about the history of chili peppers, why they can be so spicy, what to do when you consume a too-hot pepper, and some of the ways peppers are used other than in food.
Transition: I’ll begin with the history of chili peppers.
I. The scientific name of the chili pepper is Capsicum.
- Chilies are different from black pepper, whose scientific name is Piper nigrum.
- As stated in 2006 book The Cambridge World History of Food, black pepper was first cultivated in Asia and was prized in the West as early as the time of the Roman Empire.
- Chili peppers originated in South America more than 5,000 years ago and spread to Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
- Chili peppers did not become known to the rest of the world until after Columbus came to the Western hemisphere in the 1490s.
- Also according to The Cambridge World History of Food, within fifty years after Columbus returned to Spain with sample plants, chili peppers were being grown in coastal areas from Africa to Asia.
- From there, they spread around the globe.
- Carolyn Dille and Susan Belsinger, authors of The Chili Pepper Book, estimate that nearly 25 percent of the world’s adult population uses chili peppers as a regular part of their daily diet.
Transition: Now that we know a bit about the history of chili peppers, let’s see why they can put such a fire in our belly.
II. The pleasure and pain involved with eating chili peppers comes from a chemical called capsaicin.
- Capsaicin is concentrated in the pepper’s veins and seeds.
- As P. W. Bosland states in the 2002 book Spices, Herbs, and Edible Fungi, the intensity of a chili pepper’s power can be measured in two ways.
- The first method was developed by Wilbur L. Scoville in 1912.
- This method uses trained testers to measure peppers in Scoville Heat Units.
- However, this test is subjective and depends on the individual taster’s sensitivity to capsaicin.
- The most widely used measure today is the High Performance Liquid Chromatography test (HPLC).
- This test also gives results in Scoville Heat Units, but the procedure is more objective.
- The chemicals responsible for the pepper’s heat are scientifically rated according to their pungency.
- The first method was developed by Wilbur L. Scoville in 1912.
- The hottest pepper on record is the orange habanero.
- It has been rated as high as 300,000 Scoville Heat Units.
- This pepper is so powerful that even touching it can lead some people to have an allergic reaction.
- The mildest pepper, rated at zero Scoville Heat Units, is the standard green bell pepper which we see everyday in the grocery store.
- If you come into contact with a hot pepper, you should know how to counteract its effects.
- One thing that will not help is rinsing your mouth out with water.
- As Dave DeWitt explains in The Chili Pepper Encyclopedia, capsaicin is not soluble in water.
- Even if you drink a gallon of ice water, it will not wash away the burning sensation in your mouth.
- According to the Chili Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University, the best solution is to consume a dairy product such as milk or yogurt.
- They contain a substance that strips capsaicin away from the cells on the interior of the mouth.
- This is why some hot foods are served with yogurt sauce.
- If you burn your skin from contact with a pepper, the Institute recommends cleaning the skin with rubbing alcohol and then soaking it with milk.
- Above all, there are two points to remember:
- Always wear gloves when you cut a hot pepper.
- Never rub your eyes while you are working with a hot pepper.
Transition: Although chili peppers are prized above all for the flavor they add to food, they have other benefits as well.
III. Chili peppers are used in personal protection products, as well as for medical purposes.
- Pepper sprays have become a standard weapon for personal protection by individuals and law-enforcement agencies.
- Chili peppers are also valued for their medicinal properties.
- Jack Challem, author of The Nutrition Reporter, says there have been more than 1,300 medical studies on capsaicin, the active ingredient in peppers.
- Moderate doses of chili peppers can aid digestion, reduce hypertension, improve circulation, and help dissolve blood clots.
- The same article by Challem notes that preliminary research by Professor Kenji Okajima suggests that a combination of chili peppers and soybeans can promote hair growth and might even hold promise as a cure to baldness.
Transition to conclusion and review of importance: In closing, it’s difficult to imagine our lives without the spice added by chili peppers.
Review Statement: From their origins in South America to their current popularity around the world, peppers have been used not only to flavor our food but also to improve our health and personal safety.
Closing Line: While it remains to be seen whether peppers can actually cure baldness, we can be sure this ancient plant will continue to find new uses in our modern age.
[page break before the reference list]
(YOU WILL INCLUDE A REFERENCES PAGE IN APA FORMAT)