University of Phoenix Material

Appendix C – Parasitology

After reading Ch. 11 in Microbiology: Principles and Explorations,complete the following matrices to compare and contrast different parasitic organisms. You may need to use the index to help you locate some of the information needed.

PROTOZOA/MASTIGOPHORANS

Organism
Common Name
Location in Host
Mode of Transmission
Geographic Location
Trypanosoma (Ch. 24)

Nervous system
Tsetse fly

Giardia
(Ch. 22)

Ingestion of fecal matter that contains motile trophozoites
Worldwide
Trichomonas
(Ch. 20)
Vaginal inflammation

Worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
Trichomonas causes vaginal inflammation and is primarily transmitted but sexual contact. The other 2 organisms are spead through the tsetse fly or ingestion of fecal matter. Trichomoniasis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It is a know disease worldwide compared to Trypanosoma which is only found in Arica.

SPOROZOANS

Organism
Common Name
Location in Host
Mode of Transmission
Geographic Location
Plasmodium (Ch. 11 & 23)

Red blood cells

Tropical areas
Toxoplasma gondii
(Ch. 23)
Toxoplasmosis

Worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

FUNGI

Organism
Common Name
Location in Host
Mode of Transmission
Geographic Location
Candida albicans
(Ch. 19)

Can be sexually transmittted
Worldwide
Trichophyton
(Ch. 19)

Poor hygiene or suppressed immune system
Worldwide
Histoplasma
(Ch. 21)

Inhalation
Central and eastern United States and major river valleys worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
Trichophyton is also known as ringworm and is a common disease. This disease is especially known in the wrestling world. It is spread by body to body contact and bad hygiene. One is more susceptible to ringworm disease if they have a suppressed immune system. Ringworm can be seen in the skin or nails. It appears as an itchy red ring on the skin.

HELMINTHS/FLUKES

Organism
Common Name
Location in Host
Mode of Transmission
Geographic Location
Schistoma japonicum
(Ch. 23)

Lungs, liver, and urinary bladder

Worldwide
Describe the disease caused by Schistoma japonicum, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:

Schistoma japonicum is commonly known as blood fluke. It affects the lungs, live, and urinary bladder or a human or animal. This disease can be transmitted when skin comes into contact with contaminated freshwater. Blood fluke is a disease that occurs all around the world.

TAPEWORMS

Organism
Common Name
Location in Host
Mode of Transmission
Geographic location
Taenia saginata (Ch. 22)
Tapeworm disease

Uncooked beef

Describe the disease caused by Taenia saginata, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
Taenia saginata is commonly known as tapeworm disease. This disease affects the intestines. It feeds off of the food the human eats. It can be transmitted by eating uncooked or not properly handled beef. The tapeworm disease is worldwide.

ADULT ROUNDWORMS

Organism
Common Name
Location in host
Mode of transmission
Geographic location
Wucheria bancrofti (Ch. 23)

Mosquitoes
Tropical areas
Describe the disease caused by Wucheria bancrofti, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
Wucheria bancrofti is also know as lymphatic filariasis and is a round worm. The round worm affects the lymphatic system and can be transmitted by mosquitos. This disease is typically found in tropical areas of the world.

ROUNDWORM LARVAE

Organism
Common Name
Symptoms in host
Mode of transmission
Geographic location
Borrelia burgdoreri (Ch. 23)
Lyme disease

Skin lesions and flu-like symptoms, later arthritis and heart damage

Ticks
Parts of the United States, Australia, and Europe
Rickettsia rickettsii (Ch. 23)

Fever, headache, rash

Rickettsia prowazekii (Ch. 23)

Lice
Worldwide
Select one of the organisms in this section. Describe the disease it causes, then compare similarities orcontrast differences in modes of transmission of the selected organism with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
Borrelia burgdoreri is commonly known as Lyme disease. This is a common disease in parts of the United States, Australia, and Europe. Some symptoms that occur are skin lesions and flu-like symptoms, which are later followed by arthritis and heart damage. Ticks are the mode of transmission for Lyme disease.

ANTHROPODS/ARACHNIDS

Organism
Common Name
Location in Host
Mode of Transmission
Geographic Location
Trichinella spiralis (Ch. 22)

Larvae in striated muscle

Worldwide
Describe the disease caused by Trichinella spiralis, then compare similarities or contrast differences in modes of transmission of the organism in this section with any other organism in any other section in this document. Focus on structures, conditions, or behaviors that make disease transmission successful:
Trichinella spiralis is commonly known worldwide as the Trichina worm. The trichina worm has larva that is in striated muscle. It can be transmitted by improper food handling or if a person works a dirty job in swine operations. This disease is known worldwide.

Other CHEAP RESOURCES:

SCI 250 v3 appendix C

http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci-250-v3-appendix-c

SCI250 Week 1 Chapter 3 Staining Lab Quiz

http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci250-week-1-chapter-3-staining-lab-quiz

SCI250 Week 5 Chapter 19 Integumentary System Quiz

http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci250-week-5-chapter-19-integumentary-system-quiz

SCI250 Week 6 Chapter 21 Respiratory System Quiz

http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci250-week-6-chapter-21-respiratory-system-quiz

SCI250 Week 7 Final Examination

http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci250-week-7-final-examination
SCI250 Week 7 Chapter 24 Nervous System Quiz
http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci250-week-7-chapter-24-nervous-system-quiz

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